Stories are as previous as language, as old as the earliest societies. A several of the earliest tales even endure: those people explained to in pictorial type on walls of cave in Lascaux, in France or in the Mpongweni Mountains in Lesotho. And other individuals have arrive down to us in the world's myths and folklore to which we now have entry on the printed age. Storytelling is older than printing, older than crafting, and the initially tales to be established down on paper, papyrus or parchment were not the function of people authors but data of the oral traditions of earlier centuries. In Sierra Leone as it is in most African nations around the world storytelling is an integral element of the country's existence although oral traditions have quite mostly yielded to the created term.
We master as we live whilst we are youngsters, youthful persons and grownups. Understanding is not confined to the classroom on your own: it can choose location wherever. Moral values and social norms, beliefs and codes have to be transmitted from generation to the subsequent, no matter whether modified or not. Informal learning configurations are relevant and could possibly be dominant even now when more formalized and distinct establishments have partly taken about.
Even though Sierra Leoneans guard them selves in opposition to their past both equally educationists and librarians see a great deal in storytelling that could be made use of as foundation to orient and develop the youthful in the school process. There are several indications that an huge richness of traditional pedagogy in respect to the rules, contents, procedures and institutional arrangements existed and nonetheless exist in Sierra Leone. Tale tellers, their stories and tunes, proverbs and riddles are nevertheless critical belongings and topics for indigenous studying and education. Oral traditions do not only go the mores and specifications of a society. They set out to make clear the entire world and conduct of the folks in it. Oral traditions offer accounts of how the earth started and these creation myths are section also of the Holy Books of all the world's extensive-set up religions this sort of as Christianity and Islam. Also stated in allegorical terms is all human conduct in which great does not often triumph around evil.
Tales which do not rely on literature in flip do not depend on literacy. They can reach all of the local community and their interactive quality is itself electric power, for it facilitates the capabilities of stories in social instruction, what Leeson (1985) called "passing on the country's shared wisdom and values to the next technology." Unfortunately there is a lacking link in Sierra Leone as school likely children are well acquainted with the tales of Fantastic Britain, the United States of The us, Canada and Italy to cite a handful of illustrations but know incredibly minimal about their traditional stories.
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STORYTELLING IN SIERRA LEONE
Sierra Leone contains sixteen (sixteen) ethnic groups. The biggest of these is the Mende discovered in the Southern and Eastern Provinces. Upcoming to them in range is the Temne in the North. The third largest team is the Limba, also in the Northern Province, adopted by the Kono in the Eastern Province. There is certainly also the Koranko in the North as effectively as the Yalunka, Loko, Soso, Madingo and Fula. On the coast, North and South are the Bullom and Sherbro adopted by the a lot scaled-down teams of Krim, Vai and Gola, with the Kissi further inland in the Japanese Province. The Western Place, which includes Freetown, is far more mixed in populace, but is generally the dwelling of the Creole group. In all these ethnic teams storytelling is popular as portion of their culture.
Ogutu and Roscoe (1974) had this to say about storytelling in Africa: "The continent has its possess fiction traditions it has the custom of storytelling, narrated orally... the medium by which Africa down the generations has bared its soul, taught its individuals and entertained by itself" (pp. 43-44).
Regular tales in Sierra Leone are perceived as embodiment of the beliefs, customs, rituals and buildings of culture that require to be maintained. Tales operate in just modern society to insure conformity to the recognized cultural norms of continuity from technology to era through their role in education and learning and the extent to which they mirror society. Most classic storytellers assert to derive their art through dreams, spirits, and apprenticeship to experienced storytellers some others assert to purchase the artwork immediately from God though some say they compensated to purchase it. Storytellers possess the subsequent features: